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Antoine Bozio (Paris School of Economics) – "Incidence of Social Security contributions: Evidence from France", joint work with Thomas Breda and Julien Grenet
Time: 12:15 pm – 1:30 pm
Date: 27th of September 2017
Place: Room 3001.
Antoine BOZIO (Paris School of Economics) – “Incidence of Social Security contributions: Evidence from France”, joint work with Thomas Breda and Julien Grenet
Abstract: In this paper, we study the earnings responses to three large increases in employer social security contributions (SSCs) in France over the period 1976–2010. Using a difference-in-differences (DiD) estimation strategy, we find systematic evidence of increased labour cost, i.e., the absence of full tax shifting to workers, at the individual level, within five to six years after reforms that increased SSCs with little or no tax-benefit linkage. Our DiD estimates point to limited shifting of SSCs to employees in the form of lower wages, with an estimated employer share of the tax burden between 55 percent and 88 percent. In contrast, we find evidence of full shifting of increase s in employer SSCs in the case of strong and salient tax-benefit linkage. We interpret these results as providing compelling evidence that the tax-benefit linkage matters for incidence, and we discuss possible explanations for the non-standard result of long-term nominal incidence of SSCs at the individual level.
Marie-Laure Allain (CREST – École polytechnique), Pierre Boyer (CREST – École polytechnique) & Laurent Linnemer (CREST – ENSAE ParisTech)
Link (before 24th of September 2017)