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David SRAER (Berkeley ) "How to Use Natural Experiments to Estimate Misallocation"

December 14, 2020 @ 1:30 pm - 2:45 pm | Organizers: Julien PRAT, Edouard CHALLE

Time: 13:30pm – 14:45 pm
Date: 14 th of December 2020
David SRAER (Berkeley ) “How to Use Natural Experiments to Estimate Misallocation ”
Abstract : We propose a method to estimate the effect of firm policies (e.g., bankruptcy laws or subsidized credit) on allocative efficiency using (quasi-) experimental evidence. Our approach takes general equilibrium effects into account and requires neither a structural estimation nor a precise assumption on how the experiment affects firms. Our aggregation formula relies on treatment effects of the policy on the distribution of output-to-capital ratios, which are easily estimated in (quasi-) experimental data. We show that this method is valid as long as the true data-generating process belongs to a large class of commonly-used models in macro-finance. Finally, we apply this method to the French banking deregulation episode of the mid-1980s and find that this reform led to an increase in aggregate TFP of 2.7% .
Joint work: David THESMAR (Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT))